THE RISK FACTORS OF RENAL CELL CARCINOMA PATIENTS IN ARIFIN ACHMAD REGIONAL GENERAL HOSPITAL, RIAU PROVINCE, INDONESIA

Zuhirman Zamzami

Abstract


Objective: To evaluate the incident rate, patients profile, and risk factors of renal cell carcinoma patients. Material & method: We reviewed the medical records of incident rate, patient profile, and risk factors patients of renal cell carcinoma in Arifin Achmad Hospital Regional General of Riau Province in January 2013 to December 2017. The data collected were sex, age, histopathology types, staging, smoking history, occupation obesity, nutritional status, ethnic/tribes, historyof hypertensiom and city/district origin. Approval on the study was obtained from the Ethical Review Board for Medicine and Health Research, Medical Faculty, University of Riau. Result: There were 18 renal cell carcinoma patients, consisting of 66.7% were males and 33.3% were females. Renal cell carcinoma was frequently (50%) diagnosed in the 41-50 age group. Most patients came from Pekanbaru city in 27.8% and most (50%) patients were Malay tribes (50%) followed by Javanese and Minang tribes. Sixty one percent of patients had risk factors for smoking history, obesity in 5.6%, normal nutritional status in 50% hypertension in 38.9% renal cell carcinoma patients. Conclusion: Risks factors of renal cell carcinoma patients in our hospital were Pekanbaru city origin, Malay tribe, smoking history, non-obesity and hypertension.


Keywords


Renal cell carcinoma; Risk factor

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2547629

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