Panoramic Radiographic Study on Location of Mental Foramen in Patients of Orthodontic Treatment

Authors

  • Shardha Bai Rathod Senior Resident, Dept. of Dentistry, BLDE (DU), Shri B M Patil Medical College & RC, Vijayapur.
  • Anand V Nimbal
  • Shreedevi K Chillalshetti
  • Vinutha Chiniwar
  • Vikas Desai
  • Gavishiddappa A Hadimani Assistant Professor, Dept. of Anatomy, BLDE (DU), Shri B M Patil Medical College & RC, Vijayapur. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0661-4543
  • Ishwar Bagoji Assistant Professor, Dept. of Anatomy, BLDE (DU), Shri B M Patil Medical College & RC, Vijayapur. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7895-825X
  • Ambadasu Bharatha Lecturer in Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus, Barbados, WI. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0287-3959

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3723460

Keywords:

Mandible, mental foramen, mental nerve, panoramic, radiography

Abstract

Background: Information on the location of the mental foramen is the need for various purposes in dental treatment. Variations in its position can be a cause of complications during local anesthesia or surgical procedures. The usual position of the mental foramen in the Vijayapur population has not been previously reported.

Aims: The purpose of this study was to determine the most common location of the mental foramen in Vijayapur population.

Materials and Methods: 291 panoramic radiographs were evaluated with regard to only the position of mental foramen foramina in male and female subjects.

Results: We found that the position of mental foramen was most common is in line with second premolar (54.2%) and second common in between the first and second premolar (37.5%).

Conclusions: Based on this study it appears that the most common position of mental foramen is either between the two premolars or in line with the second premolar. This is in concordance with previous studies.

Keywords: Mandible; mental foramen; mental nerve; panoramic; radiography.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Gupta S, Soni JS. Study of anatomical variations and incidence of mental foramen and accessory mental foramen in dry human mandibles. Natl J Med Res 2012; 2:28-30.

Muhammad DA. Anteroposterior position of the mental foramen on panoramic radiographs in Sulaimani population. Kurdistan Acad J 2009; 8:9-16.

Gungor K, Ozhurk M, Semiz M,Brooks SL. A radiographic study of location of mental foramen in a selected Tuekish population on panoramic radiograph. Coll Antropol 2006; 30(4): 801- 806.

Hasan T, Fauzi M, Hasan D. Bilateral absence of mental foramen - A rare variation. Int J Anat Variations 2010; 3:167- 9.

Haghaifar S, Rokouei M, Radiographic evaluation of the mental foramen in a north American, white population. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral pathol Oral Radiol Endod 1998; 85:457-460.

Ngeow WC, Yuzawati Y. The location of the mental foramen in a selected Malay population. J Oral Sci 2003; 45:171-5.

Ishwar B Bagoji, Gavishiddappa A Hadimani, Balasaheb G Patil, Balappa M Bannur, Bharatha Ambadasu Int Jou Med Research & Health Sciences. 2013 2(2) 273-276.

Rowe AH. Damage to the inferior dental nerve during or following endodontic treatment. Br Dent J, 153: 306-307, 1983.

Gershenson A, Nathan H, Luchansky E. Mental foramen and mental nerve: changes with ages. Acta Anat (Basel), 126: 21-28, 1986.

Ari, I.; Kafa, I. M.; Basar, Z. & Kurt, M. A. The localization and anthropometry of mental foramen on late Byzantine mandibles. Coll. Antropol., 29(1):233-6, 2005.

Phillips JL, Weller RN, Kulild JC. The mental foramen: Radiographic position in relation to the mandibular second premolar. J Endod 1992; 18:271-4.

Yosue T, Brooks SL. The appearance of mental foramina on panoramic radiographs. .Evaluation of patients. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1989; 68:360-4.

Ngeow WC, Yuzawati Y. The location of the mental foramen in a selected Malay population. J Oral Sci 2003; 45:1715.

Shankland WE. The position of mental foramen in Asian Indians. J Oral Implantol 1994; 68:118-23.

Gangotri S, Patni VM, Sathwane RS. Radiographic determination of position and symmetry of mental foramen in Central Indian population. J Indian Acad Oral Med Radiol 2011; 23:101-3.

Fabian FM. Position, shape and direction of opening of the mental foramen in dry mandibles of Tanzanian adult black males. Ital J Anat Embryol 2007;112:169-77.

Maise MA, Felippe BP. The mental foramen position in dentate and edentulous Brazilian's mandible. Int J Morphol 2008;26:981 7.

Sankar DK, Bhanu SP, Susan PJ. Morphometrical and morphological study of mental foramen in dry dentulous mandibles of South Andhra population of India. Indian J Dent Res 2011;22:542-6.

Igbigbi PS, Lebona S. The position and dimensions of the mental foramen in adult Malawian mandibles. West Afr J Med 2005;24:184-9.

Ukoha UU. Position, shape and direction of the mental foramen in mandibles South-Eastern Nigeria. Int J Biomed Res 2013;4:499-503.

Singh SK, Gopinathan K. Variation in position and number of mental foramen in mandibles of north Indian population J Anat Soc India 1992;41:47-51.

Jasser NM, Nwoku AL. Radiographic study of the mental foramen in a selected Saudi population. Dentomaxillofac Radiol 1998;27:341-3.